G. M. Syed-The Case of Sindh
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The 1938 Resolution by the Sindh Muslim League Conference:

The manner in which the All India National Congress has refused to negotiate on the Hindu-Muslim issue with the Muslim League as the sole representative of the Muslims of India means that, by Pitching Muslim against Muslim, it wants to establish its own rule. This has, therefore, closed the door on a settlement the Muslim League had wanted and struggled to attain for the last 15 years. The manner in which the Congress Press and its friends are being used to Pir Muslim against Muslim to weaken the Muslim League and end its representative character proves that it wants to give the misleading impression to the world that the)e Congress alone represents all communities of India. Towards this end, the Congress has deliberately established Hindu Raj in some provinces. In some Ministries, not a single Muslim has been inducted while in others they are there only in name. Thus it does not represent the Muslims, which is against the spirit of the Government of India Act, 1935 and against other instructions and edicts to the Governors. The manner in which such ministries are repressing the Muslims proves that their sole aim is to prevent their natural development and to stop them from carrying out their religious duties and to usurp their rights as a separate religious entity. The Congress is trying, against all principles of democracy, to form coalitions in Muslim majority provinces such as the NWFP, Bengal, the Punjab and Sindh.

By establishing the Congress High Command's control over its ministries, the party is treading the path of fascistic dictatorship. The party has decided that la) the Vidya Mandir scheme should be imposed on the Muslims, (B) Bande Matram should be introduced as the national anthem against the feelings of the Muslims and other minorities, © the joint electorate system be introduced for the local bodies in order to deprive the Muslims of their due representation, (d) in order to eliminate the Urdu language, Urdu schools should either be closed down or difficulties created in their way and the Devnagri be adopted as the national script against the wishes of the minorities, (e) in the garb of improving law and order and curbing violence the freedoms of the Press and expression be abolished and (f) the religious rights available to IV)e Muslims for years should be encroached upon and curtailed.

By introducing the caste system, the Hindus have, for thousands of years, reduced millions of people in India into virtual slaves in violation of the constitution, nationalism, equality, democracy and all modern political thinking and created social inequalities. In view of all this and because of the majority community's anti Muslim mentality, the emergence of a united nation in India has become impossible. This is more so because of the fact that the two communities have different religions, languages, scripts, cultures, social mores, and views on life generally.

This conference considers it necessary for social development, economic uplift, peace and the political self respect of both the communities that a request should be made to the All India Muslim League to work out a proposal for India's future and its political set-up under which the Muslims could live with honor. Therefore, this conference recommends that the Muslim League should work out a constitution for the Muslims under which they should have total independence. Further, this conference expresses displeasure at the all India Federation scheme and warns the British Government that this plan is harmful for India generally and for the Muslims in particular. This conference wishes to make it known that any plan for the future of India, which is not acceptable to the All India Muslim League, will also not be acceptable to it.

Mover: Shaikh Abdul Majid Sindhi Seconded by Haji Abdullah Haroon and Syed Rauf Shah.

The Lahore Resolution of 1940.
109. Resolution adopted by the Al) India Muslim League at Lahore in its twenty-seventh annual session on 23rd March, 1940, commonly known as the 'Pakistan Resolution'.

While approving and endorsing the action taken by the Council and the Working Committee of the Ali India Muslim League, as indicated in their resolutions dated the 27th of August, 17th and 18th of September and 22nd of October, 1939, and 3rd of February, 1940, on. the constitutional issue, this session of the All India Muslim League emphatically reiterates that the scheme of federation embodied in the Government of India Act, 1935, is totally unsuited to, and unworkable in the peculiar conditions of this country and is altogether unacceptable to Muslim India.

It further records its emphatic view that while the declaration dated the 18th of October, 1939, made by the Viceroy on behalf of His Majesty's Government is reassuring in so far as it declares that the policy and plan on which the Government of India Act, 1935, is based will be reconsidered in consultation with the various parties. interests and communities in India, Muslim India will not be satisfied unless the whole constitutional plan is reconsidered de novo' and that no revised plan would be acceptable to the Muslims unless it is framed with their approval and consent.

Resolved that it is the considered view of this session of the All-India Muslim League)e that no constitutional plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles, viz., that geographically contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary, that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority as in the Northwestern and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute "Independent States' in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.

That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards should be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in these units and in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultation with them, and in other parts of India where the Musalmans are in a minority adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in the constitution for them and other minorities for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultation with them.

This session further authorizes the Working Committee to frame a scheme of constitution in accordance with these basic principles, providing for the assumption finally by the respective regions of all powers such as defense, external affairs, communications, customs, and such other matters as may be necessary.

  Proposed by - The Hon'ble Maulvi A.K. Fazlul Haque, Premier of Bengal.

Supported by- Maulana Zafar Ali Khan Saheb, M.L.A. (Central)

Supported by - Sardar Aurangzeb Khan Sabah, M.L.A. (N.W.F. Province

Supported by - Haji Sir Abdullah Haroon, M.L.A. (central). Supported by - K.B. Nawab Ismail Khan Saheb, M.L.C, (Bihar).
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